Mar 4 2010

Hearing Impairment

An individual’s hearing sensitivity is measured by the quietest sound that the person can detect – this is known as the hearing threshold. A behavioral audiogram can be used to accurately measure that threshold in humans (and in some animals). This process involves recording the quietest sound that elicits a response from the listener, on a consistent basis. Different frequencies are used for these sounds while recording the responses. Another hearing test involves electro-physiological responses that don’t require behavioral responses.

With regards to various animal species, normal hearing thresholds are not the same for every frequency. When sounds are played at different frequencies, and at the same amplitude, some of those sounds will heard as a loud noise, some will be perceived as quiet and some will hardly be recognized at all. However, for those frequencies that are barely perceived, increasing the amplitude will make them more audible. In general, the frequencies that are used for communication within the species (as in “speech” – for humans) are the most audible for that species. This fine tuning of hearing will appear at many different levels of the auditory system. This will also include the ear’s physical characteristics and the nerves and tracts of the auditory system which will convey impulses to the portion of the brain that decodes them.

When an individual is unable to exhibit sensitivity to sounds that are normally perceived by its kind – that individual is described as being hearing impaired. For humans, this term normally refers to those who are insensitive to sounds in the frequencies that speech is heard. The severity of this condition is measured in terms of how much louder (increased amplitude) the sound must be, before the sound is recognized. In cases of profound deafness, no level of sound amplitude will be heard.

The quality of a sound, as opposed to its amplitude, is another characteristic of hearing. For humans, this is measured by “speech discrimination” tests. These tests will require that the subject not only hears the sound, but understands it, as well. There are some very rare forms of hearing disorders that will only affect this aspect of hearing.

Please note that this article is for informational purposes only and is not intended as legal advice.

Hearing Impairment can sometimes interfere with a productive lifestyle. For further information, contact Social Security disability lawyer Gerard Lynch, regarding SSI/SSD claims in Galveston and other Texas cities.


Feb 26 2010

The Invisible Consequences of Traumatic Brain Injury

One of the most life-threatening bodily harms that can come to people is traumatic brain injury. This is a sudden, physical trauma to the brain acquired non-congenitally, through external force often typified in various catastrophic accidents and violence.  While the dangerous condition of a person suffering from an open head injury is readily perceptible, the consequences of closed head injuries are not. Nevertheless, all traumatic brain injuries often lead to an array of possible consequences that can persist throughout a person’s lifetime.

Primary and Secondary Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries are classified into primary and secondary types.

Primary injuries are those that directly occur at the moment of trauma. These include contusions, blood vessel damage, and axonal shearing where the long ends of brain cells are stretched and torn. In primary injuries, brain cells and tissues may deform and die, drastically altering brain function.

Secondary injuries are indirect results of the trauma, usually as results of complex cellular processes and biochemical cascades initiated by primary injuries. These injury aftershocks can damage areas previously unharmed in the initial trauma and occurs minutes to days after sustaining injury. Secondary injuries include reduced blood and oxygen flow to the brain, low blood pressure, edema or swelling of the brain, and raised pressure within the skull, all of which substantially likely to have further serious effects on the brain, the body, overall body function, and even on the life of the injured person itself.

Signs and Symptoms

While all these injuries can occur, they may not be readily apparent, invisible dangers that can sometimes elude even sophisticated medical technology. Nevertheless, there are physical signs and symptoms to look for to help confirm brain injury. Unconsciousness is one common sign. Other symptoms include dizziness, difficulty balancing, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, unequal pupil size, ringing in the ears, and a bad taste in the mouth among others. Cognitive and emotional symptoms include changes in mood and behavior, and problems with memory, concentration, and thinking.

While traumatic brain injuries can be mild and do not cause permanent or long-term disability, all severity levels of traumatic brain injuries have the potential to cause significant, long-lasting disability that can affect overall quality of life.

Additional legal site: Personal Injury Lawyer Elan Wurtzel. Providing legal assistance in the Long Island area.

This article is intended to provide only general information on the topic and not as legal advice.


Apr 24 2009

What you should know about Contingency Fees

If at one point you are caught up in a legal situation and you don’t have the money to afford an attorney, don‘t worry you have options. You may want to speak to your lawyer about a contingency fee method. In this case you would never have to pay a penny to your attorney unless you won your settlement. Then at this point your lawyer would receive a percentage of your fees which you’ve won.

The percentage of your contingency fee would be gone over once you speak with your lawyer. It’s usually between 20%-50% of the fees you win from your case.  If you lose the court case you won’t owe anything to the lawyer including lawyer fees and such.

Many times this contingency fee method is arranged when someone has been injured or seeking damages from auto accident or medical malpractice cases. Most attorneys will offer you a free consultation. If after hearing your case they feel that you are probably going to win then they will most likely take on your case and represent you. There wouldn’t be any worrying about hourly fees the lawyer usually charges which racks up after a couple visits.

Some cases that occur are usually only dealt with the contingency fee basis option. These matters consist of the following situations; Wrongful dismissal claims and serious injury claims which occur if the plaintiff is not working or has little income. Most people these days cannot afford a lawyer hourly and let their situations go unsettled. Why have this occur when there are options out there for individuals to claim what they have lost and also should receive as an outcome. If the lawyer notices this case is a positive one and nothing can go wrong and you’ll win, he/she will usually consider a contingency fee basis method. Make sure before you sign a contingency fee document, that there are no hidden fees written if you would lose the case. Always read the agreement word for word before signing anything.

Before you consider using the contingency fee method for your legal case make sure they are worth the percentage your lawyer may charge you. If it’s a small battle and your lawyer suggests a 30% payment once the settlement is won, you might want to reconsider the option. You may be better off paying the hourly fees instead of giving him a larger sum at the end of the settlement. Not all cases where an attorney represents their client wins. So therefore the attorney may raise the percentage of the next case he comes in contact with to make his money back he lost. This doesn’t seem fair for the next client but it’s something they have to do to make their profit equal out.

Make sure your case isn’t something which will only take a few days or maybe just one before considering the contingency fee method. This can mean the difference between you having money or not having money. You can’t afford to lose.

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Apr 24 2009

How to Avoid a Motorcycle Accidents

When operating a motorcycle you have to be very cautious and know your surroundings. It is very dangerous, no matter your skills when riding a motorcycle. You have to watch out for other vehicles traveling around you, especially on heavy traffic road and highways. There are five most common mistakes that injury can occur while operating a motorcycle; Failure to negotiate left hand bend on country roads, right turns on country bends, collision at intersections, collisions while overtaking, and loss of control.

Bends on country roads are dangerous for cars let alone motorcyclists. Roads can bend every which way and may be very sharp. Make sure when you are traveling a country road you watch out for signs along with the speed of the road. If you aren’t too familiar with the area why not travel slower to make sure you have enough room before a curve or bend in the road comes up.

Intersections are a major problem when traveling in any type of vehicle. Some intersections have lights and others just have stop signs. Many times if a collision occurs the other driver of a vehicle will say “sorry I didn’t see you there.” Being in a motorcycle is a lot different than being in a car. Motorcyclists are a lot smaller than the average car on the road and many drivers just look past them. Many people driving vehicles underestimate the speed a motorcycle is traveling and may cut them short or nip their back tire.

Another problem is bikers not understanding their bike’s acceleration. No matter if it’s a newer bike which you’ve been driving for a few weeks or an older bike you know very well, anything can happen. You can accidentally brake or shift into the incorrect gear which will then either throw you off the bike or make you lose control. Especially if you are traveling on a highway, many drivers won’t let you move over or just don’t see you in their mirrors.

Serious injury can occur if you would loose control of your bike for some reason. This can include road conditions that are slippery or if there are manhole coverings or potholes. Make sure you follow signs which are posted on the roads to see if anything hazardous is coming up or if there are curves ahead. Always check your tires for proper air pressure and the tread. Always leave plenty of room between you and other vehicles while riding your motorcycle. If a vehicle is riding too close to you from the back, just give yourself a little more room and move up.  You want enough room between you and the vehicles that are traveling with you incase you need to take action immediately.

Each year there are thousands of motorcycle accidents which occur, some of them are deadly. You always need to take precautions while driving a motorcycle even if you believe you have everything under control. It only takes a few seconds for something to occur and everything changes. Weather is one of the biggest issues which motorcycle accidents occur. Make sure if you have to travel in harsh weather conditions, you are careful and extremely cautious.


Apr 24 2009

Accident Lawyer

If you have had a loved one who was recently killed in a wrongful death, you may well have to look for a personal accident lawyer.  Wrongful death can happen in many different types of cases; from a car accident that was not you’re loved ones fault.  Or maybe some aspirin or other product your loved one took caused their death, this also can be classified as a wrongful death.

Types of wrongful death
There are so many different types of cases that can lead to wrongful death, so you should get an attorney who is qualified to help you out in your search for justice.  It’s not an easy time when a loved one passes away, but when it happens in a wrongful death case you get angry and want to make sure their death doesn’t go unjustified.

Attorney for Wrongful Death
When you go looking for an attorney to handle the wrongful death of your loved one, it’s not only important to find one that specializes in those types of cases.  You should also try to find one that will take your case on a contingency basis.  This will mean that they need to reach a settlement for you in order for them to get any money; a great way that can save you money and have your lawyer working extremely hard on your case to reach that settlement.

Justice
Don’t let the wrongful death of that loved one go without notice; get your case heard in court.  Or at least have your lawyer fighting for your loved one.  Even though a large settlement will not bring your loved one back, it may go a long way in helping you pay some medical bills that came about due to the death.  Plus it’s not cheap to bury a person nowadays either.  You can use the settlement money to help to pay all those bills too.

Suffering a Loss
It’s sad to think that tons of people have these types of cases a year, wrongful death is always tough.  So search for the right personal injury lawyer who can help you out.  Again find one that will work on a contingency basis and will not get payment if your case is not won.  Get a lawyer who works strictly personal injury cases, and preferably focuses on those cases that deal in wrongful death.

Finally
If you find an attorney and you meet with them, but you feel they may not be the best choice.  Move on don’t just settle, there may be a reason you are feeling this way.  Don’t jump into an agreement with an attorney who sends off the wrong signals to you.  There are so many attorneys’ out there that focus in personal injury cases that it shouldn’t be that hard to try a few different attorneys and see how you feel about them.  Pick the one who you feel will work the hardest for you.  Also try to make sure that they call you within 24 hours after you’ve left a message. It’s up to you to make things right. You can do this by searching all legal directory listings you can find.  It’s important to know your options.